The Tishreen Revolution/protests have been ongoing for past 5 months in Iraq.
Tishreen =Month of October
Protests started on 1 October 2019, a date which was set by
civil activists on social media.
The protests started in the capital Baghdad, but quickly spread to other provinces.
Reason for Protest
- Against 16 years of corruption.
- Inefficient public services – water , electricity etc
- To stop Iranian intervention in Iraq.
The protestors soon started calling for the end of the political
system which has existed since the US-led invasion ousted Saddam Hussein and has been marked by sectarian divides.
They specifically point to the way government appointments
are made on the basis of sectarian or ethnic quotas rather
than on merit. (a system known as muhassasa)
Demography of Iraq
Population of Iraq – 3.88 crore.
- 600 deaths so far
- Violence has been continuously used as tool to repress peaceful protestors.
- Iraqi security forces and Iranian backed militias are attacking Iraqi citizens in order to intimidate them and dilute their influence on politics to protect the interests of other actors.
- Iran-backed militia snipers were on Baghdad rooftops
- In a number of places, protesters have set fire to the headquarters of political parties, damaged government buildings and engaged in revenge killings.
- Activists and protestors have been intimidated andbassassinated, and there continues to be allegations that the security forces are violating the human rights of arrested protestors by conducting mass arrests and torturing individuals.
- The protests have been stoked further by the lethal response from Iraqi forces and Iranian-backed militias.
In response to the deepening political crisis, Prime Minister
Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned on 29 November 2019
USA vs Iran
Following the 3 January assassination by the United States of Iranian major general Qasem Soleimani, protests continued with a deliberate shift to protesting against both the Iranian and US roles in Iraq
A new Hope(P.M.) ?
- OnFebruary 01, 2020, one of the former communications ministers of Iraq, Mohammed Allawi was appointed the Prime Minister.
- Instantly rejected by protesters .
- Protests still ongoing as of 13 February 2020.