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Merger of CAPF exam with IAS/IPS exam

What are Armed police forces?

The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to security forces under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs.

They are

1. Border Security Force (BSF)
2. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)z
3. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
4. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
5. National Security Guard (NSG)
6. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

Recruitment of officers

  • Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) CAPF- AC exam is being conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) since 2003 for recruiting officers to lead these forces deployed in the internal security and border guarding domain.
  • CAPFs (AC) exam has three-stage evaluation – a written test, physical efficiency test and an interview.
  • Recruits about 300-400 men and women, as per requirement projected each year, in the age group of 20-25 years
  • Last year, Organised Group A Service (OGAS) categorisation was given to Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs)
  • The organised service tag allows a service to have its own recruitment rules and enhanced avenues for promotion, pay, command and deputation of its officers.

The Change

  • Government is planning to change the scheme of the CAPF AC exam conducted by UPSC for recruitment of entry-level paramilitary forces’ officers
  • Merging it with the civil services examination.(CSE)
  • A proposal – final decision is yet to be taken!

A committee of the senior home ministry and CAPF officials has discussed the issue of changing the scheme, syllabus and pattern of this exam in December 2019.

Other suggestions –
inclusion of new subjects like challenges of internal security, ethics and values


  • To forge a better synergy between all the allied services like the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Police Service (IPS), the Indian Forest Service (IFoS) and others.
  • Common exam will save time and money of aspirants.
  • Increased efficiency for UPSC
  • Standardised exam questions
  • Ironing out differences between CAPFs and IPS officers,

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