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Indian Railway’s First Waste to Energy Plant

POINT TO NOTE

Much of the plastic is re-used these daysBut some plastic known as “end to use plastic” Ends up in landfill

THE DECOMPOSITION OF WASTE

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is looming into a major problem world-over.

The following problems are associated with MSW in general:

1. Increased household waste disposal due to change in life styles

2. Overflowing landfills and shortage of new locations for landfills

3. Increased transportation costs for hauling garbage over long distances

4. Co-mingled, un-segregated MSW including plastics, rubber etc

5. Leachate problems associated with landfills & spoiling aquifers

6. Rotting garbage deteriorating air quality

LANDFILL EXAMPLE

WHAT IS POLYCRACK?

It is the world’s very first patented heterogeneous catalytic process which converts multiple feedstocks into hydrocarbon liquid fuels, gas, carbon as well as water.

The waste generated will become the feeder material for the waste to energy plant.

The energy which will be produced at the plant, will be in the form of light diesel oil and this oil will be used to light furnaces.

POLYCRACK TECHNOLOGY

The “Polycrack process” is developed which has the following advantages over the conventional approach to treat MSW

WHAT ARE THE PREFERRED FEED STOCKS FOR THE UNIT?


ECoR officials said a large amount of non- ferrous scrap generated daily from the Mancheswar workshop was being sent to landfill in the absence of a proper disposal method.

However, with the use of polycrack technology ECoR can now use the scrap to generate energy.

NOTES

The plant would require Rs 10.4 lakh per annum for its maintenance.

However, having a capacity to process 500 kg waste per batch, the plant will also provide an annual income of Rs 17.5 lakh by selling the diesel oil.

Officials said this is the first Government plant and fourth in the country.

The first plant was a small one with a capacity of 50 kg a day set up by Infosys at Bangalore in 2011.

The second came up at Moti Bagh in Delhi in 2014 and the third one was set up at Hindalco in 2019 with 50 kg capacity per batch.

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