Ganga Volga Dialogue between India & Russia

THE INITIATIVE
The maiden Ganga Volga Dialogue held in Delhi on 22 January was conceptualized during the October 2018 India-Russia Summit between President Putin and Prime Minister Modi.

RUSSIAN IMPACT
Even though Geopolitical implications have brought China and Russia ever so close, Russia still remains a major support for India in the international community in various fields
• Russian Federation is training Indians for Gaganyaan Mission
• Russia is manufacturing AK-203 rifles in India to boost Indian defence manufacturing
• Russia has supported India on issues like Kashmir/Article 370

VOLGA RIVER
The river flows through central Russia and into the Caspian Sea, and is widely regarded as the national river of Russia Eleven of the twenty largest cities of Russia, including the capital, Moscow, are located in the Volga’s drainage basin.

GANGA VOLGA DIALOGUE
Participants at the meeting provided ideas on how to expand India-Russia exchanges in the areas of education, culture, economy, entrepreneurship, strategic thought, innovation, media, tourism, healthcare, manufacturing and technology.

NOTES
For Russia, the Dialogue provided an
opportunity to engage India in the
development of the idea of “Greater Eurasia”, which provided the pivot to Asia for Russia’s strategic policies.
The dominant theme of the discussions was Connectivity.

CONNECTIVITY
Apart from the well-known connectivity proposals to link Russia and India like the International North South Transport Corridor (INSTC), the concept of Connectivity also included greater academic and economic exchanges, as well as Digital Connectivity. Participants at the meeting provided ideas on how to
expand India-Russia exchanges in the areas of education, culture, economy, entrepreneurship, strategic thought, innovation, media, tourism, healthcare,
manufacturing and technology.

INTERNATIONAL NORTH SOUTH
TRANSPORT CORRIDOR

ASHGABAT AGREEMENT
The Ashgabat agreement is a multimodal transport agreement between the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Pakistan, India and Oman for creating an international transport and transit corridor facilitating transportation of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.

It was emphasized that the development of strategic relations with other major powers (like India with the United States or Russia with China) had not impacted on the core interests of the special and privileged strategic partnership between India and Russia.

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